Our work in Mozambique

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Our work in Mozambique

Drought in 2016, following coastal floods in 2015, highlight the devastating effect of climate change in Mozambique. These impacts, combined with a yawning gap between rich and poor, have meant few improvements for Mozambique’s poor communities.

April 2016: Mozambique on red alert

In April 2016, the government of Mozambique declared a ‘red alert’ as a result of drought-driven food insecurity. At least 1.5 million people are now in need of food assistance.

The drought is driven by the 2015–2016 El Niño which is wreaking havoc across eastern and southern Africa with extreme droughts, floods and harvest failures. In Mozambique, drought conditions continue in much of the southern and central regions and crop failure is widespread.  

Very few households (less than 10%) expect to harvest any cereals in this season. The nutritional status of children is causing great concern in a number of provinces and there has been an increase in school drop-out rates due to hunger. There was also a sharp reduction in diet quality between November 2015 and March 2016.

Concern’s response

Concern is supporting the people of Mozambique to respond to emergencies and build resilience in the face of disasters like drought and floods.

The current drought follows El Niño-driven flooding in early 2015. In response, we launched an emergency response effort in affected provinces. With support from the European Commission (ECHO), our teams are now helping to build community resilience in the face of disasters. We’re training community institutions and developing rural infrastructure like animal stables, water retention structures and drought-resistant seeds to cope with climate-related risks. Among other things, we’re also investing in community risk analysis and early warning systems, and strengthening links between community structures and the national risk management system.

Floods 2015

Mozambique experienced serious flooding in early 2015, with the worst hit areas being Zambézia and Nampula. According to official figures, the floods affected 52,692 people.

Concern worked closely with the local authorities and other agencies to support 4,000 displaced households through the provision of basic shelter, hygiene, sanitation and household equipment for immediate use.

Sadly, floods are becoming something of a common occurrence for Mozambique. In 2008, flooding forced 90,000 people out of their homes. Once again, we were on the ground, forming part of the rescue and evacuation effort and helping people to rebuild their lives in the months and years that followed.

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We are working in the provinces of Manica and Zambézia to increase food and nutrition security for 24,000 direct beneficiaries, in particular poor and isolated farming communities, and women and children under two years old.

In Zambézia, we work with a local partner organisation, ORAM, to support farmer field schools and associations to increase civil society capacity to reduce extreme poverty, hunger and chronic malnutrition.