Meeting basic shelter needs in Lebanon

Imagine that a conflict has forced you and your family from your home and into a foreign country. What is the first thing you do? You try to find safe shelter. Concern and ECHO, the European Commission’s humanitarian aid department, are working together to ensure that Syrian families in Lebanon have a space where they can live in safety and with dignity.

Two and a half year old Oula* plays with her favourite toy, outside her newly rehabilitated home in northern Lebanon. Photo: Chantale Fahmi/Concern Worldwide 2017.
Two and a half year old Oula* plays with her favourite toy, outside her newly rehabilitated home in northern Lebanon. Photo: Chantale Fahmi/Concern Worldwide 2017.

Substandard living conditions

Lebanon has welcomed a staggering 1.5 million Syrian refugees since the onset of the crisis, swelling the country’s population by 25% in just five years. In a country of just under 10,500 km2 – eight times smaller than Ireland – providing suitable accommodation has become a major challenge.

Dramatic surges in demand have increased rental prices, meaning that many Syrian families are no longer able to secure decent accommodation. They are taking whatever they can get, often forced to live in poor conditions and frequently in spaces that were never meant to be inhabited, or buildings that were never completed. An estimated 38% of refugees in northern Lebanon are now living in overcrowded or substandard conditions which lack basic services. Many are simply not equipped for the heat of Lebanon’s summer or the freezing temperatures of the winter months. The health risks, danger and indignity of these living situations are inevitably compounding the already stressful life of a refugee.    

Rehabilitating to meet basic human needs

With funding from the European Commission’s humanitarian aid department, ECHO, our team in Lebanon is helping to improve living conditions for these Syrian families. This means adapting and rehabilitating substandard buildings so that they meet a family’s most basic needs. These works include repairing walls, roofs and windows, installing water storage, toilets, handwashing and hygiene facilities and septic tanks, and connecting buildings to sewerage networks. In 2016 alone, Concern and ECHO helped improve the basic living conditions for almost 4,000 Syrian refugees.

These very practical interventions have made a huge difference to lives of Hamza*, Khadija* and their families. 

Omar’s story

Omar* and his wife Fatimah*, who fled Syria as a result of the conflict, speak about their journey to a Concern rehabilitated shelter in northern Lebanon. Photo: Chantale Fahmi/Concern Worldwide 2017.
Omar* and his wife Fatimah*, who fled Syria as a result of the conflict, speak about their journey to a Concern rehabilitated shelter in northern Lebanon. Photo: Chantale Fahmi/Concern Worldwide 2017.

Omar’s family fled Syria for Lebanon after he lost his leg in a landmine explosion. At first, they found a house to live in but were soon evicted when they couldn’t pay the rent. Their only option then was a shell of a house – essentially a set of walls with no roof, windows or doors. Omar, a former farmer, made a makeshift roof overhead and placed an old wooden door across the entrance to prevent wild animals from entering, but the family never felt safe. He tells us:

We were afraid before. When it was stormy, we used to stand with our children outside to avoid the roof from falling on top of our heads … The children couldn’t use toilet at night, we were very afraid."

The Concern team worked with Omar to make his new home safe and secure and provide basic hygiene facilities for the family. Life remains tough – Omar can’t stand up as his second leg is injured and feeding the family is a constant struggle – however, thankfully, they don’t fear for their safety each night. Omar says:

When Concern came to us, our situation changed and we started to feel safe."

Omar* was a farmer in Syria before he lost his leg to a mine on his land. He now lives in a shelter with his wife Fatimah who is pregnant and their children. The shelter has been rehabilitated by the Concern team in northern Lebanon. Photo: Chantale Fahmi/Concern Worldwide 2017
Omar* was a farmer in Syria before he lost his leg to a mine on his land. He now lives in a shelter with his wife Fatimah who is pregnant and their children. The shelter has been rehabilitated by the Concern team in northern Lebanon. Photo: Chantale Fahmi/Concern Worldwide 2017

Khadija’s story

Khadija – a young mother of three – and her extended family had been forced to find shelter in a cramped stable. Khadija, whose education was cut short when the war broke out, tells us:  

The house was a stable for animals. When we came here, we all slept in the same room – my husband Khaled and I, and my brothers-in-law. I didn’t like it all.

Khadija*, 19, a mother of three, cares for her newborn boy at her home in northern Lebanon, which she shares with her husband’s family. Photo: Chantale Fahmi/Concern Worldwide 2017
Khadija*, 19, a mother of three, cares for her newborn boy at her home in northern Lebanon, which she shares with her husband’s family. Photo: Chantale Fahmi/Concern Worldwide 2017

With the support of ECHO, the Concern team rehabilitated the structure to make it suitable for the family to live in. Crucially for Khadija, they separated it into two rooms so she could have some privacy. She continues: "The separate rooms made my dream come true – imagine, I have a room of my own … The Concern team was very friendly and helpful, and they made me feel safe."

Education remains at the forefront of Khadija’s mind – in our conversations with her, she kept returning to the topic.

I had a dream to become a lawyer and I wanted to learn to sew … I will do my best to ensure my daughter is educated in order for her not to suffer like me."

Oula* has been a refugee in Lebanon all her life. She sits on the doorstep of a former stable which has been transformed into safe home thanks to the Concern team. Photo: Chantale Fahmi/Concern Worldwide 2017.
Oula* has been a refugee in Lebanon all her life. She sits on the doorstep of a former stable which has been transformed into safe home thanks to the Concern team. Photo: Chantale Fahmi/Concern Worldwide 2017.

From interrupted education and psychological trauma to a lack of adequate shelter, the challenges facing Syrian families in Lebanon are complex and diverse. Concern and ECHO are working together to help ensure that these vulnerable communities, who have already lived through so much, can at least live in dignified and safe conditions.

*Names changed for security purposes.

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