With 10 years left to achieve Zero Hunger, the 2020 GHI finds that the world is not on track to achieve this goal by the 2030 target. Although progress has been made, too many people are still suffering from hunger - and current crises are likely to worsen the situation for millions more.
Right now, nearly 690 million people are undernourished and 144 million children are suffering from stunting. In 2018 alone, 5.3 million children died before their fifth birthdays – in many cases as a result of undernutrition.
The report finds that ‘alarming’ levels of hunger have been identified in 11 countries including Chad; Burundi; Central African Republic; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Somalia; South Sudan; Syria, and Yemen.
In addition, hunger remains at ‘serious’ levels in another 40 countries.
The latest projections show that 37 countries will fail to achieve even ‘low’ hunger levels in the next decade, meaning the world faces an immense mountain if it is to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal of ‘Zero Hunger’ by 2030.
The events of 2020 have shown that our food systems are unfair and inadequate in ways that are impossible to ignore. But, by taking an integrated approach to health and food and nutrition security, experts believe it may be possible to achieve Zero Hunger by 2030. A ‘One Health’ approach could help avert future health crises, restore a healthy planet and end hunger.
This approach is based on a recognition of the interconnections between humans, animals, plants and their shared environment, as well as the role of fair trade relations. It focusses on increasing sustainable practices in agriculture and improving the overall health of humans, animals and the environment – rethinking how we produce, process, distribute and consume our food, as well as reduce food loss and waste.
The 2020 GHI highlights the need to fundamentally reshape our food systems to be fair, healthy, resilient, and environmentally friendly – and a One Health approach could be transformative.
With only 10 years remaining until 2030—when the promise of Zero Hunger is due to be fulfilled—it is more urgent than ever to follow through on our commitment and actions to realise the right to adequate and nutritious food for all. The current crises must serve as a turning point not only to transform our food systems but to end the daily scourge of hunger - the greatest moral and ethical failure of our generation.
Our Global Hunger Index 2020 launch will take place on Friday 16th October at 2pm over Zoom. Our Keynote speaker will be Executive Director of the WHO Emergencies Programme Dr Mike Ryan.
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