Research from the Graduation Model

Concern has adopted a Graduation approach in a number of countries since 2008 (Bangladesh, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Malawi, Rwanda, Somalia, Zambia), as a means of sustainably addressing extreme poverty at the household level.

Graduation beneficiaries in front of the shop they have set up under the project; they have taken the initiative to establish a hand-washing station in front of the shop and they report soap sales have increased in the last few days as communities have been sensitised on the importance of hand-washing to prevent COVID transmission. Burundi Photo: Maud Biton / Concern Worldwide
Graduation beneficiaries in front of the shop they have set up under the project; they have taken the initiative to establish a hand-washing station in front of the shop and they report soap sales have increased in the last few days as communities have been sensitised on the importance of hand-washing to prevent COVID transmission. Burundi Photo: Maud Biton / Concern Worldwide

Graduation programmes provide an integrated and sequencing package of support - combining social protection, livelihood promotion, social empowerment and financial inclusion to create pathways out of extreme and chronic poverty. For more information on Concern’s Graduation programme please see: https://www.concern.net/what-we-do/livelihoods.

Impact evaluations

Between 2012 and 2016, Concern implemented Graduation programmes in Burundi and Rwanda which had an operational research component led by the Centre for Social Protection at the UK’s Institute of Development Studies.

Research in Rwanda was designed to assess changes in key indicators over time and the sustainability of these changes, whilst research in Burundi was designed to look at whether certain elements (components) of the Graduation programme are more important than others – in particular to look at the effectiveness of the coaching component; often seen as the ‘x-factor’ that makes the difference between success and failure.

Please see full reports and briefs from both countries.

Judith and Faustim Nsabimama with their daughter in Nyiakibungo cell/ Nkunamo village in Gishubi Sector, Gisagara District. They are beneficiaries of Concern’s Graduation programme. They purchased their cow through a combination of income generation activities and money received from their asset transfer. Credit: Síle Sammon/ Concern Worldwide.
Judith and Faustim Nsabimama with their daughter in Nyiakibungo cell/ Nkunamo village in Gishubi Sector, Gisagara District. They are beneficiaries of Concern’s Graduation programme. They purchased their cow through a combination of income generation activities and money received from their asset transfer. Credit: Síle Sammon/ Concern Worldwide.

Rwanda

Download
Download

Burundi

Download
Download

Qualitative research

Following impact evaluations in Rwanda and Burundi (2012-2016), several discrete topics were identified as requiring further investigation. The qualitative research was designed to build on this previous research and explore:

  • Graduation trajectories and the effect of political economy on outcomes
  • Further examination of the role of coaching and support in achieving positive and sustainable impact, and
  • Investigating the effect of graduation programmes on individuals within the household; intra-household dynamics and distribution of activities across individual household members.

Rwanda

Download
Download
Download

Burundi

Download
Download
Download
Download
Download
Download

Journal articles

Download
Download

In addition to research outputs from Rwanda and Burundi, we also have the following outputs available:

Zambia

Download
Download

Graduation Model Event Summary

Download
Share your concern