The Irish aid agency is exclusively focusing on vulnerable and marginalised communities in southern Nepal, where people are severely exposed to the elements and have little or no access to warm clothes or humanitarian support. Many of their houses were damaged by floods and they are living in slum-like conditions.
So far, Concern has distributed pre-positioned kits including blankets, tarpaulins, and woollen shawls reaching 1,000 people in Dhanusha and Mahottari districts and is planning to scale up its efforts as temperatures continue to plummet.
According to local media reports, cold-related deaths in the Terai district have reached eleven so far this winter. Most of the dead were from impoverished communities while incidents of death and injury caused by smoke inhalation and house fires have also increased at the same time.
Concern’s Country Director in Nepal Eileen Morrow said she has witnessed children and babies with chapped lips, bare feet and legs shivering in the cold conditions.
“The temperatures are dropping to five degrees during the day and two at night but it feels worse because of the thick fog, which prevents sunlight. The problem is not the temperature in itself but the lack of proper clothing, bedding, fuel and housing among these extremely poor communities. I have seen little children with bare feet and legs shivering in the cold. People are burning their animal fodder to keep warm but there's little heat to provide them with much relief. Blankets will definitely help but the extreme poverty and inequality needs long term solutions,” she said.
“I was talking to Say Kala (71) from the Musahar caste in Mahotari district. We had to pause the interview, open up her distribution pack and wrap her in a shawl she was shivering so much.”