In the past decade, the global refugee population has more than doubled. More than 26 million refugees currently live in host communities, many of which are in neighbouring countries. We are now at the highest population on record. 68% of the world’s refugee population comes from just five countries.
These are the top ten refugee crises in the world:
Over 381,000 Burundians are living as refugees (up by over 40,000 compared to last year). For being the tenth-largest refugee crisis, however, it is also one of the least-funded. Almost all Burundian refugees live in neighbouring countries like Tanzania (221,400 refugees), Rwanda (68,300), the Democratic Republic of Congo (43,000), Uganda (32,500), Kenya (4,900), and Zambia (4,500). However, this creates a knock-on effect of strained resources within host communities.
Many of those who have fled Burundi did so in the wake of violent political unrest that began in 2015. While security has improved over the last five years, further instability has been fueled by an economic downturn and extreme food insecurity.
Concern has operated in Burundi since 1997, focusing on livelihoods, nutrition, and health. Our community-based health and nutrition interventions focus especially on those who have been excluded from the health system.
Nearly 12% of the population of Eritrea — over 505,000 — now live as refugees due to social and political instability and violence. It’s hard to gauge humanitarian need within the small East African country — Eritrea remains one of the countries that Concern struggles to get complete data on for our annual Global Hunger Index.
Since late 2012, the people of Central African Republic have suffered bouts of sectarian violence that have displaced over 1 million people. As of December 2020, that includes over 610,000 refugees.
This escalation in violence (which has been ongoing since CAR gained independence from France in 1960) has made it increasingly dangerous for citizens to live in the country — and for humanitarian organizations to work in the country. Concern has been operational in CAR since 2014, with the main goals of providing humanitarian assistance and building the resilience of communities affected by ongoing conflict.